What is the term “Morality” means?The morality of a person decides for him, his good actions and bad actions: morality can be explained as a set of instructions or a set of good manners which a man should follow and a set of bad or restricted actions which must be avoided by him in order to maintain peace.
For example:- if 100 people are asked, whether the person’s action of stealing a wallet is morally right or wrong ? Probably 99% (1% is remaining due the presence of the Marxist theory of crime which says crimes are due to the injustice behaviour of society) of population will say or judge (more precisely) that the action was not morally fine. He should not have stolen the money.
What makes you claim that the action was wrong; why would you claim the action wrong? It is a set of actions which are predefined as good actions and likewise, there are actions which are defined as bad actions, they are known as the morality of a person.
Morality for a man and for a woman may differ. There are certain rules which are supposed to be followed by a man and not by a woman; whereas, there is some restriction within which a woman is taught to reside; and, with her steps beyond the limits she is declared to possess less moral values. Men are not untouched by the judging behavior of society.
One of the great psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg introduced a new theory according to which an individual, in his whole lifespan, passes through different stages of life. An infant knows nothing and he passes through his very first stage of morality by not taking decisions but by following the instructions. Here, he described this stage as the pre-school stage where he knows nothing about bad and good; neither he knows good things for him nor he knows good things for society moreover he is not conferred with responsibilities of society also. He is cared off so that he may grow up to get strong enough to take over the responsibilities efficiently.
Thereafter, he enters into a whole new phase of morality from about 7 to 10, children are in what Kohlberg called a pre-conventional stage. Here he has knowledge of every single rule which is expected to have; or, which he is taught by his society. From here onwards a child is transferred to a pre-adult stage. In this stage they are restricted by rules; they follow those rules which if broken brings to them punishment and this terror of punishment forces them to work, from which they get scared off.
At about age 10, a child enters into a post-conventional stage; here he gets introduced to the norms and rules of the society which he has to follow. At this stage, the punishments are mere to teach them the right way to follow the instructions.