Sociology Important Questions and Answers for Exams – A level

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Stratification Questions

  1. Discuss inequality with suitable examples
  2. what is gendered stratification? discuss with suitable examples
  3. Critically examine a functionalist approach to social stratification.
  4. How is marxism’s notion of class different from the Weberian notion of class?

Kinship Questions

    1. Discuss the ‘theory of cross-cousin’  in the light of the alliance approach.
    2. Is kinship a synthesis of biological and cultural elements? Give reasons for your answer
    3. Write a Short note on Gender and Kinship
    4. Write a short note on Double Descent

Research Methods Questions

  1.  Describe the merits and demerits of observation as a method of data collection
  2. ” Interview is a process of social interaction”. Comment
  3. Discuss the problem of objectivity in sociological research
  4. Illustrate the examples of the difference between qualitative and quantitative research methods.

Economic Sociology Questions

  1. Critically examine Wallerstein’s world-systems theory of economic development
  2. Write a short note on the Domestic Mode of Production.
  3. Compare the nature of markets in simple and modern societies.
  4. What is Globalization? How does it impact consumption patterns?

Introduction to Sociology

  1. What is an example of a functionalist perspective?
  2. Critically examine the Structuralist perspective in the study of society
  3. How does the conflict perspective explain the social change?
  4. Explain how the interpretive perspective elaborates the concept of social action.
  5. How is sociology related to politics?
  6. What is the power elite theory?

Religion Questions

  1. Analyze Max Weber’s approach toward the understanding of capitalism
  2. Critically discuss the relationship between religion, magic, and science.


  1. Examine the impact of feminist scholarship on Anthropology.
  2. How do parents influence gender roles?


  1. How Durkheim’s idea of Sacred and profane be used to understand contemporary
  2. “Social strain theory” of Merton.
  3. Illustrate with examples: Ethnicity and race as dimensions of stratification.
  4. The functional prerequisites of social systems by Talcott Parsons.
  5. Give an account of Weber’s conception of wert rational action and its importance in the
    world today.
  6. In what ways are Marx’s and weber’s theories of class at odds with each other and to
    To what extent can they be seen as complementary?
  7.  “Durkheim was not the first thinker to attempt to make sociology a science.” Critically
  8. “Religion is the opium of masses and an instrument of classes.” Critically analyze.
  9. “Suicide as a ‘social fact’ is an illustration of Emile Durkheim’s view on society and
    methodology.” Discuss.
  10. These days, internet addiction has become an everyday phenomenon. Applying Mead’s
    ‘theory of self’ explores the phenomenon.
  11. Write a short note on each of the following in not more than 150 words.
    (a) Citizenship and Globalization (b) Religious revivalism
  12. Elaborate on the contribution of religion to the development of science.
  13. Structural causes of fundamentalism.
  14. Write a Short Note on the Concept of ‘Power elite’.
  15. Is there any difference between social stratification and social inequality? Examine
    whether social inequalities can be functional for society?
  16. Critically examine various ‘theories of revolution’.
  17. Explain the relationship between the nation-state and citizenship. Why has the nation- state become the most common arena for government?

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