Great Personalities of the world
British statesman, Author, Historian, son of Randolph Churchill and descendant of the great Duke of Marlborough. In early life, Churchill served the Army in India and as a newspaper correspondent as a conservative in 1900 but changed his allegiance in 1905 and held various posts in liberal governments. On the outbreak of war in 1939, he became the first Lord of Admiralty and in May 1940, he became the prime minister of a coalition government. When the German armies carried all before them, he rallied and inspired not only the British but also the subjected countries of Europe and led them towards victory.
Sukarno was a statesman of Indonesia. He fought for the liberation of Indonesia from Dutch and Later from Japanese control. Sukarno was the founder of the Indonesian Nationalist party. He found this party in 1927.Dr.Sukarno was arrested by the Dutch government in Indonesia in 1927. When Japan invaded Indonesia in 1941, Sukarno headed the collaborationist government. Later Sukarno was elected as the first president of Indonesia after its Independence.
Khrushchev was a Russian statesman. He rose to power in 1958. He became critical of Stalin’s deeds and policies during the second world war. Khrushchev removed Stalin’s body from Lenin’s side and got buried elsewhere. Khrushchev was the first Soviet ruler to visit the United States. Under his leadership Soviet’s influence in Korea, India and Vietnam grew, but it declined in China. During Khrushchev’s regime, U.S.S.R and U.S.A came close to a nuclear confrontation over Cuba. In 1964, partly because of his loss of credibility over the Cuban issue, Khrushchev was forced to relinquish power to Brezhnev.
Nehru was the first prime minister of India. Jawaharlal Nehru was a resolute fighter for independence, second only to Gandhi. Though he resisted. British against their political domination of India on the economic front, he believed in India’s need for improvement on the lines of western industrial development. In world affairs, his policy was one of strict neutrality. He was the author of the Panchasheel agreement with China. His contribution was great for the non-alignment movement.
Mao, the greatest leader of the Chinese in modern times was born on 26 December 1893 in a small village in the Human Province of China. He was sent to the Village school but had to work hard on the family farm. From his very childhood, Mao had a great liking for adventure books. He read the lives of such men as Washington, Napoleon, Wellington and Abraham Lincoln. When the revolution broke out in China in 1911, Mao decided to join the revolutionary troops. He joined the teachers training college and after five years of study got graduated in 1918. While still a student, he published an article. “A study of Physical Culture”.
Mao was a voracious reader. He got attracted to the writings of Karl Marx.Along with several young men. Mao founded the communist party of china in 1921. The Communists under Mao built the Red Army. I 1934 Mao conducted the historic ‘Long March’ with his Red army when a distance of 10,000 K.M was covered by foot lasting for nearly one year. The long march electrified the entire nation. During the World war II, china got American help against Japan.
In 1945 when the war ended, Chiang-kai shek with his army tried to reduce the power of Mao. But Mao’s Red Army now renamed as People’s Liberation Army started to increase in its numbers. Chiang-Kai Shek and his followers fled away to Formosa in 1949. Mao, as chairman of the victorious Community Party, proclaimed the formation of the people’s republic of china. He died on 9 September 1976.
Also, Look at Prominent personalities of the world