Migration: Social Consequences, Advantage, Disadvantages and Host country

There are two consequences that occur due to migration. One is the negative aspect and the other being positive. The negative aspect is that because the rural population shifts to urban areas, the problem of unemployment increases there because there are limited jobs, resources etc. If the urban sects will think of employing rural people who are anyway less educated than urban class people then the injustice would be done to the educated urban class.

The reservations and quotas for the poor and underprivileged are in a way eating up opportunities of the urban residents. Though it might be for the upliftment of a particular class but yet they fail to match up to the standard of the company’s demands and the seat is simply wasted. However, if the person has come up to that level on basis of his skills even though he is from a rural class then he would definitely be respected for his hard work. This has always been a debatable topic and is extremely sensitive because of its ambivalence.

The positive consequence is that the rural class will advance from migration. There will be the welfare of the rural class and it will lead to their social and cultural transformation through development. Migration will affect both the rural and urban. There’s additive and separative element to it. This is the most important consequence of migration that it separates an individual from his place of origin and adds him to the place of destination. The remarkable consequence is that the individual is separated from his place of origin which means he will leave behind his sociocultural association with the place. The consequences and effects of migration can be studied on the basis of their advantages and disadvantages:

Advantages: The host country or urban place gets cheap labor, and it helps overcome the shortage of labor in factories and manufacturing departments including service sectors for jobs like peons and secretary. Immigrants often agree to do unskilled jobs which do not require them to invest a lot of their brain and they also survive.

Disadvantages: There are language problems, racial and ethnic discrimination. If by chance the immigrant is better skilled than the permanent resident of that place then the job will be given to the immigrant. Unless there’s a reservation of job vacancies for the original citizens of that state or country which has a separate criterion to calculate all that. Like Maharashtra government has reserved jobs only for the bonafide people of Maharashtra and in case the outsiders wish to work there, they will first have to pass an entrance exam which is kept in their language and had to be answered in their language which is Marathi. Thus the chances of the outsider getting a job are already cut off. This is language politics. But places where such rules aren’t created, jobs ate lost to the incoming workers. This might result in loss of ones who have education and skills because they go for opportunities overseas.


Share on:

Literature Student at Delhi University!