Humanism Concept and Meaning

Humanism

It is an ethical system that revolves around human values, their needs, freedom, interests and some basic rights in general. Through it, human beings are recognized and given importance in the society whether individually or collectively. The term was coined in early 19th century by Friedrich Niethammer who was a theologian. It also refers to a perspective that encourages human progress and freedom. The term Humanistic Psychology “emphasizes an individual’s inherent drive towards self- actualization, and creativity.” It also refers to cultural and intellectual movement in 14th – 16th century in Europe which emphasized attention on Classical culture and promotion of vernacular texts, during Renaissance.