Fascism: In simple words, a single state party which is led by a strong leader, majorly a dictator or martial government and they are mostly against the democracy. The countries which used fascism are Italy, Germany, and Japan etc. The people who support fascism are called as fascist.
Nazism: In 1919 there was a fascist party formed by Adolf Hitler in Germany, the group of people in that party was called a Nazi. They considered themselves to be the superior most and they continued their pattern by taking ‘Survival of the fittest’ term in their minds.
THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT
When the World War I was ending, there was the abundance of mass working together and it was in those times when Fascism and Nazism came across as a result of the crisis in Europe.
During those times, middle class and lower class people were in major loss. The socialist and socialism or any kind of revolution were not helping them much. The fear was stricken in their minds and this led to the rise of Fascism and Nazism in European countries. It gained popularity in Italy and Germany.
HISTORY OF FASCISM AND NAZISM
Fascism was evolved in 1919; there was a mass movement of middle-class people took place to maintain a political party for their better status and economic condition. It brought a new term called as Totalitarian.
Totalitarian is a system where there is the centralized and doctorial government. The fascist and Nazi movements were about the irregularities of social order and its adverse effects.
SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES BETWEEN NAZISM AND FASCISM
The similarity is that both of them do not favor liberalization, Marxism, and Democracy. Another similarity is that they were rise because of the nationalism. They were formed under fear of communalism, disintegration obtained from the World War and major crisis.
But in many ways, they are different too. Fascism was not popular whereas Nazism gained popularity back in 1933 to 1945.
For fascism, the state was the most prime element. It focused on nationalism, corporatism, totalitarianism, and militarism. Nazi was opposite when it came to principles. Its major emphasis was racism. It believed that Aryans were superior as compared to others.
Fascism was running on certain political ideology, while Nazism was based blindly on the hatred that was formed on racism.
The fascism wanted to conserve the class system but Nazism was against it. They wanted to eliminate the weaker section. It kept on killing people, for example, Adolf Hitler held several mass killings.
Another major difference was dominance. The Fascist party gained its power back in 1922, whereas the Nazism lost it and turned out to be a failure. Till 1930, there was no taste of success for them. And even when they achieved as a party, their leader was earlier a matter to be feared and later became the matter to laugh upon.