Society is a group of people, having one or more interests in common. Society is a federal structure of more than one individual. Through article 19 constitution has provided a liberty to its citizens, which assures the freedom to create a society or any other association and anybody can join them, according to their and the social interest. Which they want to become a member of.
But what is the need of society and what does it provide to its member such thing which an individual shall not be able to achieve by him alone? What is the need to join a society? What is the need to create other society, if there exists one?
These are the questions in the mind of an individual. The most common and the most suitable and for these questions is, they may reduce a load of responsibility from the shoulder of an individual, as the members of the social divide and shares the responsibility within society.
Responsibility imposes certain restrictions, such restrictions which are in accordance with the acceptance of the other members of society. These restrictions provide for the discipline, such disciplines provide and maintain social status.
The restriction on a society is termed as the social facts. These social facts are like norms, folkways, restriction rules and regulations; these rules are must, to be followed by members of society. These socials facts are such that they cannot be contaminated by the members of a society. In some societies, there are such rules which, if broken then the offender may be convicted of the offense.
This reason for the rules is very common they are made to maintain a disciplined society.
Since the social facts are the rules which impart restriction on an individual they are needed, to first install mentally in members of society. If mental satisfaction is not provided to individuals then enforcement of these facts on the society’s member may result in a big conflict or even a huge massacre. These social facts are made the collective thought, not with the convenience of an individual.
They are mental and not materialistic, i.e. they are represented by an individual, with the power.
Social facts can be of two types
Formal sanctions or the social facts are the laws or bills enacted by the parliament. The sense of these laws is clear as they are in written form. These laws are termed as ordinary bills which are can be passed by parliament by a simple majority. The other type of social facts are classified as informal social facts, they are nonpermanent, not written, formed collectively by the public and the sense which they show and highlight are not clear and even some of its facts are misunderstood by the peoples as they are not in written form.