Interesting Points – Contributions of Guptas Art and Culture

The period of Guptas was believed to be a golden period for the field of art, science and even literature. The horoscopes that are commonly used today in order to predict a person’s future is supposed to have developed its roots during the Gupta period.

  • The Guptas were very creative in what so ever work they engaged their innovative minds and due to this reason, they developed the popular Nagara and Dravid styles which secured a unique place in the history of Indian architecture. In this period, some outstanding stupas were also constructed some of which are seen at Sarnath in Uttar Pradesh, Ratnagiri in Orissa, etc.
  • There were artistic temples seen during this age and they are mainly classified into five structural temples which are given below:
  • The flat-roofed square temple.
  • The flat-roofed square temple with a second story also called as vimana was there above it.
  • The square temple with a curvilinear tower commonly called sikhara was seen above it.
  • The rectangular temple.
  • The circular temple.
  • The Gupta period is also well-known for the varieties of intricate sculptures which were actually made during this age. One such example of the stone sculpture is seen in Sarnath. This beautiful sculpture is of Gautam Buddha.
  • The hard-working craftsmen of this period used to construct the metal statues in such a way, that the front side of the temple will always face the east direction. In fact, they used to build a lot of original statues through a cire process which is nowadays called the wax process.
  • Even though the stone culture was seen everywhere, the importance of art culture was high above the stone culture.
  • Some paintings of the Gupta period are even preserved in the caves of Ajanta, Bagh, Badami and many others as well.
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