Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar also known as Bhim Sakpal, was born in a small town at MhowCantt near Indore on 14th April 1891 in the caste Mahar which is known as untouchable caste. He took his last breath on 6th December 1956. The Father of Ambedkar was Ramji Sakpal, who believed in Kabir. In this manner, he never put stock in standing. He received Buddha religion fourteenth October 1956 at Nagpur. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was significantly impacted by three: Master Buddha, Kabir, and Jyotiba Phule. Bhimrao Ambedkar is prevalently known as ‘Babasaheb’. He assumed an essential part in an arrangement of the Indian Constitution and is known as the father of the Indian Constitution. Dr. B.R.Ambedkar was the main law priest of free India. He is known as a legal counselor, financial expert, lawmaker, and teacher. For his commitments, he was granted with ‘Bharat Ratna’. The birthday of Ambedkar is celebrated as Ambedkar Jayanti which is observed as a national holiday.
In 1907 in the wake of finishing his Secondary School from Satara Ambedkar got affirmation in Elphinstone School, Bombay. He was given a ‘Gayakwad grant’ by Maharaja Gayakwad of Baroda for his examination in school and through a grant, he got confirmation in Columbia College, USA and sought after his M.A in 1915.
He was the first among the untouchable to visit abroad and finish his advanced education. After accommodation of his Ph.D. proposal in 1916 he got Ph.D. in 1917 from Columbia. In London, he contemplated law and sought after financial aspects in the London School of Financial matters and Political Science. In 1921, he passed the degree of Science and later did Ph.D. on, “The Issue of the Rupee” from London College. He also got himself admitted to Law. And in addition, he got his Ph.D. degree in Financial matters in 1927. Ambedkar likewise was granted a Doctorate by the College of Columbia.
In 1923, Ambedkar rehearsed the law and started his work of upliftment for Dalits and the unprivileged. In 1930, he turned into the leader of the All India Discouraged Class Affiliation. Later in 1936, he framed a Free Work Gathering, which was later known as All India Planned Positions Organization.
In August 1942 Ambedkar turned into the individual from the Board for Senator General. Whilst Ambedkar was the chairman the Constitution of India was drafted. In 1949, he took the charge of the Law Clergyman in the Administration of India. In 1955, he took a step and established Bharatiya Buddha Mahasabha. Ambedkar believed felt that Hindu religion look down upon the depressed classes. He started to write about it in his written work:
The Untouchables, who are they?
States and Minorities
Who was Shudra?
Emancipation of the Untouchables
Bhimrao Ambedkar against Aryan invasion theory:
Ambedkar demonstrated extraordinary restriction to the Aryan intrusion hypothesis. Ambedkar trusted Shudras to be Aryans and denied the Aryan intrusion hypothesis expressing that it is “so absurd that it ought to have been dead long ago” in his 1946 book Who Were the Shudras?
Ambedkar saw Shudras as initially being “a piece of the Kshatriya Varna in the Indo-Aryan culture”, however, turned out to be socially corrupted after they forced numerous administration persecution on Brahmins.
As indicated by Arvind Sharma, Ambedkar saw blemishes in the Aryan attack hypothesis that were later recognized by western researchers.
Ambedkar against Caste Discrimination:
Coming back to India was a turning point Ambedkar decided to fight against casteism that people faced. The zeal to have the society free of casteism in India made him a Hero. Ambedkar proposed in the Southborough Committee preparation of the Government of India Act in 1919 that there should be a separate electoral system for the Untouchables and marginalized communities. He upheld the idea of reservations for Dalits and outcastes people.
Ambedkar embraced different tactics to reach and make people aware of the evils that were prevailing in society. He started a newspaper called “Mooknayaka” in 1920 with Shahaji II, the Maharaja of Kolhapur and Shahu IV.
After passing his Bar course he tried to combat casteism by advocating different cases against Brahmins. He believed that the Brahmins were exploiting the peaceful environment in India. He launched movements where he demanded public drinking water sources, accessibility to temples, walking freely on the roads, and anything which degrades the self-respect of others.
In 1932, the Poona Pact was signed between Dr. Ambedkar and Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya hence Ambedkar was successful in getting depressed classes under scheduled caste and scheduled tribe.
Dr. B.R Ambedkar is known as the Father of the constitution. He was the chairman of the constitution drafting committee in August 1947. He especially emphasized caste, gender, and religious equality. He believed if we did not eradicate these differences India would not be a united. Assembly showed support and reserved some seats for scheduled tribes and caste in the field of education, job, etc.
Conversion to Buddhism
In 1950, Ambedkar met Buddhist scholars and monks in Sri Lanka. Later he wrote a book on Buddhism and converted to Buddhism. In his speeches, we can see he didn’t like the idea of casteism which was a ritual in Hinduism. He wrote a book, “The Buddha and His Dhamma”
On October 14, 1956, Ambedkar organized a public ceremony to convert to Buddhism. Ambedkar visited Kathmandu and attended a Buddhist conference.
Death of the Legend
Since 1954-55 Ambedkar was experiencing a few medical. On 6 December 1956, he took his last breath. Ambedkar embraced Buddhism as his religion, incineration was composed for him in Buddhist style. The service was gone to by a huge number of supporters, activists, and admirers.
There is the countless commitment that Dr. B.R Ambedkar has given to Indian Human science He is the pioneer whose activities have enduring impacts till this date. His belief system of correspondence, fellowship, autonomy all are applicable to this date.
Everything that he discussed for example rank, religion, uniformity, autonomy, social changes, instructive effect, developments, character and so on all go under the Sociological part of Society. The progressions he has brought through his life are huge and exceptional.
Ambedkar largely in his writing targeted Hinduism and its division of caste. He was the immense believer that it is poison to the Indian society. His ideology condemned the varna system which gave hope to the poor and depressed. Later he started to compare Buddhism and Hinduism and believed Buddhism is better over any other religion.
He was a firm believer that no one can oppress someone on any basis. Every human deserves respect and should have equal rights. No one is superior to any. If it was not for Ambedkar then the caste system would have prevailed to till this date. In some areas still, people follow casteism but the degree of practice is comparatively reduced since the efforts of Ambedkar.
This word Untouchability plagued Ambedkar’s life he tried several methodologies to overcome untouchability and was successful in his aim. Ambedkar was firm that colonial rule has done nil to eradicate untouchability. He said if Untouchables need justice they have to speak up for themselves and fight their own battle.
Ambedkar wasn’t impressed with Gandhism and asked the untouchables not to believe in it. He asked them to fight the political powers.
He additionally contributed to the field of economy.
The Reserve bank of India (RBI) was framed in 1935. This thought was proposed by Dr. Babasaheb introduced to the Hilton youthful commission. Deliverer of works brought 8 hours of obligation for works in India. Dr.Bhimrao brought down the working time from 12 hours to 8 hours which brought light for laborers.
Dr. Bhimrao was keen to look after the governance and He believed that administration must reflect sociological reality as nearly as conceivable in the event that those employing energy further bolstering their good fortune stifle the outcaste gatherings.
Ambedkar invested a lot of time and vitality in propelling the proposition for the reason of focusing on the significance to regard equity and value.
Concept of Exploitation
For Ambedkar, monetary misuse was a noteworthy issue to conflict with. It clarifies his long-lasting basic contribution to Marxism. In any case, he accepted there are different wellsprings of exploitation and underestimation, which burdened individuals with those essential products significant for the constitution of a pure self, an existence of a common acknowledgment and support in aggregate issues.
Reasons, rights, and Identity
Dr. Bhimrao said the human has made its check and got rid of itself from myths, customs, and religious frameworks. He saw adaptability, adjust and association as fundamental conditions for a better than average life and fought that they should be understood and looked for after as one component. It was simply on their foundation that a total organization of rights could be developed.
Constitutionalism and rules and regulations
Ambedkar felt that to help rights, to allow identities to thrive and impact them to respect rights, to keep up a demand supporting the hindered and to energize an enthusiastic circumspect society, set up ask for conveyed in the administration of law twists up clearly essential.
In simple words, Ambedkar was significantly aware of what world contained its components. He also knew this world was multi-faceted in nature and had its differences.
He was calm disapproved in his approach regardless of the way that not in his stresses. The backward classes in India, while recognizing the political legacy of Ambedkar are yet to interface with the understanding that meant his political commitment while their accomplices will in all likelihood rest content in holding him just as a picture.
Moreover, given the traverse of Dalits, low stations and troubled when all is said in done, no political social event can stand to disregard the constituent benefits that Ambedkar as an accomplice can offer. For the state to deal with a little bit of organization Ambedkar has transformed into an indispensable need today.