Critical Pedagogy, Poulo Freire has invented and used the term for the very first time, with the theory of exploited oppressed.
The information which is transferred to the public is, first filtered by the dominant class and thus get biased in the favor of the dominants thereafter, it is transferred to the public. In educational institutes, in the books of innocent and such students whose minds are free and still have vacant space which is expected to be filled with true facts and knowledge, there also the dominants have their dominancy ruling: dominants have the power to make access to the knowledge and information; thus books make them ideal in the eyes of public.
Poulo friere made a new theory where the promulgation of a factual description of any event, news, information and even the educational knowledge is made available directly to individuals or public. Here, one of the most important facts which should be understood and noted is that people or public receiving information develop within them a curiosity to know more, they develop question within their brain which are needed to be answered. The process of finding answers reaches to the limits of research, curiosity leads to the conversation and interaction of groups of individuals; interaction of cultures and knowledge reveals the truth and the same process propagates truth within society. So a question arises here, whether it is important to allow critical-pedagogy find its separate place in society ? to form a different body for such research work, is not sufficient? Does it reveal the only truth or bring forward more than it? or, mere revealing the truth is only work of such process, such process which demands further hard work: more hard work apart from the day to day work
While answering them, it is important to note the answer of, “Does it reveal the only truth or bring forward more than it”. Critical-Pedagogy not only brings truth but also, upgrade the view of individuals towards a particular condition, situation or event. When an individual gets involved in finding the answers to his question, he experiences many problems which trigger his mental ideas also, his soul’s emotion. Thus, before making any decision with the prior beliefs which are formulated and given by ancestors, an individual gives his decision taking into account his personal emotions and thus balances his logical thinking.
Here, another benefit for an individual is the improvement in intellectual: he starts thinking indiscriminately, without getting biased towards any particular belief. His beliefs and thoughts toward a particular event and incident start getting different. These differences in thoughts are due to the pragmatism, a process which is used earlier, to educate children.
It is a process which challenges a student, a challenge to gather knowledge; it challenges a teacher to present in front of students, the truth. The presentation of truth must be done in such a way that truth shall not appear as negative against humanity, or shall not leaves a negative impression on the mind of an innocent.